Algerian civil collective publishes roadmap geared to democratic transition post Bouteflika

March 19th 2019

A gathering of political actors within Algerian civil society, on March 18, formulated proposals to allow a "peaceful end" to the popular protest against President Abdelaziz Bouteflika. Through a six-stage roadmap, the collective wanted to allow democratic transition that would "break irreversibly with the-then [incumbent] system".

First, “The president should surrender to the will of the people and withdraw from the presidency no later than April 27. No extension of this mandate would be possible and existing institutions must give way to the ratified institutions of the transition. The group then proposed “to set up a High Transition Committee (HCT) collegiate body composed of luminaries with moral authority and broad popular acceptance to represent the State".

Third, the HCT would set up a National Transitional Government (GNT), composed of "consensual and credible personalities to manage the transition period within a reasonable period of time (as yet to be defined)". In particular, the GNT would have to manage the "day-to-day affairs by ensuring the continuity of the State and the immediate lifting of all the obstacles relating to the exercise of civil, political and democratic freedoms, including freedom of association, and demonstration, expression, and of the press, trade unions, plus the creation of political parties, to “prepare and organize the foundations of a National Consensus ".

In a fourth step, the Assizes of the National Consensus would seek to combine “all the aspirations of Algerian civil society with those of the movement representatives in order to reach a national consensus on the practicalities necessary to the establishment of the new Constituent Assembly. This would create an historical compromise, covering inalienable fundamental principles, and respect for all freedoms, human rights and equality ".

The Assizes also would "proclaim the birth of the new republic through an inaugural text". Subsequently, there were collective calls for the election of a Constituent Assembly to draft the new Constitution. This election would be preceded by the establishment of an independent commission for the organization of elections. "The new Constitution would be developed on the basis of the aforementioned inaugural text (of the new democratic and social republic)," said a spokesperson for the civil collective. Finally, the sixth, and final, step would be a "return to constitutional legality; thereby opening a democratic political field and "the organization of free and transparent general elections".

* These proposals were signed by the Algerian League for the Defense of Human Rights (LADDH), the Algerian League of Human Rights (LADH), the Rally - Actions - Youth (RAJ), Djazairouna, SOS Disappeared, Wassila Network, Tharwa Fadhma N'Soumer, the Timlilit Association, the Movement Vigilance Support Committee 22 February (CVVM-22FEV), the Autonomous Union of Education and Training Workers (Satef), the teachers of secondary and technical education (Snapest), the National Union of Postal Workers (Snap), the National Council of Teachers of the Superior (Cnes), the National Union of Autonomous Staff of Public Administration (Snapap), the Confederation General Assembly of Workers in Algeria (CGATA), SOS Culture Bab Eloued, the Association for Democratic Change in Algeria (ACDA), the National Committee for the Defense of the Rights of the Unemployed (CNDDC), the Collective Harraga missing at sea, the Democratic Refoundation Initiative (DRI) and the Collectif des Jeunes engaged.