Good governance and rule of law

President Saied’s draft constitution was published in the Official Journal of the Tunisian Republic (JORT) on Thursday 30 June. Not surprisingly, the text confirms the transition to a presidential regime and considerably reduces the role and power of Parliament.

The text states that the “President of the Republic exercises executive power, assisted by a government led by a head of government that he appoints.” This government will not be presented to the Parliament to obtain confidence. The draft constitution also grants broad prerogatives to the Head of State who, while being the supreme head of the armed forces, defines the general policy of the state and submits legislative texts to the parliament, which must examine them as a matter of priority.

Reacting to the version retained and published in the JORT, the former dean of the Tunis Faculty of Law, Sadok Belaïd, president of the commission in charge of drafting the new Tunisian constitution, published a letter in a local newspaper in which he explained that “Saied’s draft constitution carries serious risks that could pave the way for a dictatorship.”